GPS and radio collars are vital tools for Panthera’s big cat conservation efforts, including our jaguar initiatives in the Pantanal, and throughout Central and Latin America. Data gleaned from these collars allow our jaguar biologists to study the jaguars’ movements, their behavior, ecology, habitat use, and interactions with humans. . These data help focus our efforts and actions on the ground to best conserve these cats and mitigate their threats. The main threats to wild jaguar are human-wildlife conflict, habitat loss and fragmentation, and lack of wild prey.GPS collars maintain their durability and efficiency using the following elements:
- Epoxy belting and plastic electronics resilient to most wear and tear,
- A Lithium-ion battery pack designed to last a minimum of 18 months
- A Global Positioning System (GPS) unit that calculates the exact hourly location of the collar, every hour of the night,
- A memory that stores the location information on the collar,
- An Iridium satellite transceiver that is used to send or receive data,
- A VHF radio “beacon” that emits a radio pulse, for use with traditional telemetry equipment, &
- A server that receives data from the collar via text messages and delivers them via email.